It is a method that has been around for centuries and is still practiced in many parts of the world. The close spacing of crops, keeping a fertile soil, crop rotation and succession planting combined together is what sets this method of gardening in a class of it’s own, along with apart from the traditional row method.
Raised beds are the ideal when integrating these methods of gardening together. The preparation of a raised bed by digging, together with adding organic soil amendments into the present soil before building your garden beds will greatly improve the soils structure. Double digging, including amendments and mounding your garden beds above the existing ground will improve the soils aeration, drainage, moisture retention and tilth to permit for deep root penetration. Mounding of the soil also allows for extra space to be planted over a level surface.
The majority of the organic amendment into the soil being compost. Minerals like greensand and rock phosphates are also very beneficial. Green manure crops planted and turned to the soil will also help provide nutrients needed when planting crops at a close spacing together with improving the soils structure by adding organic matter.
In the traditional row method of gardening just 1/3 of the total gardens space is planted, compared to more than 3/4 when intensive gardening practices are used. Planting at a closer spacing usually is done by shocking the plants, allowing for more plants per square foot. Careful planning is needed to be done with this method, taking into account each crops customs, size at maturity, root spread, nutrition intake and water customs.
Succession planting is is extremely important to get the most from your growing season. This is simply done by quickly replanting to fill the spaces of crops that have been harvested. With a little simple preparation, this can be achieved by rotating warm and cool climate crops. Once you start your garden in the spring along with your cool climate crops and they’re harvested, you can replant those areas with crops that will do well in the warmer weather. After the warm clime crops are harvested, you can replant with another crop that likes the cooler temperatures and then harvest them in the fall. Timing is extremely important with series planting to get the most from your growing season.
Another great benefit to this method of gardening is companion planting. Carefully planning needs to be done when using this procedure, like nutrients being replenished back into the gardens land. Different crops call for different nutrient needs. Planting the same crop over and over in precisely the same place will do no benefit to your garden and just deplete the nutrients from the ground. Rotate nitrogen-fixing legumes like peas with crops that need nitrogen, such as corn, lettuce or tomatoes.
Intensive gardening is a method that’s highly productive with a little careful planning.
A environment friendly and wholesome way of gardening. Growing a healthy and productive crop in a way that is healthier for both you and the environment.